In times of climate crisis and social problems, water scarcity is a worrying problem that has multiple factors.
By: Fernando Cafe
Water. The liquid is essential for life. When we seek to find another planet, we seek the water that welcomes, the water that recovers lives, the water from plantations, and the water that structures all beings in the world. This fundamental resource for all, unfortunately, does not reach everyone. With the advancement of environmental problems, its unequal use raises the issue of a water crisis.
This distribution heterogeneity has natural roots. After all, some regions are more conducive to the occurrence of lakes and rivers for supply. However, this does not justify the fact that countries with higher financial conditions, still with problems dealing with natural sources, enjoy greater access to water than poor or underdeveloped countries. Such inequality shows that water, essential for all social sectors, has as a criterion of broad access to income, and its waste or decrease — driven by the climate crisis and the consumer society —results in the subtraction of basic conditions for subsistence.
Amid this scenario, according to UNICEF, four billion people do not have access to water in the world, which affects mainly women, the poor, and the population of the periphery. However, logistics errors also cause problems that make such a liquid synonymous with segregation and disorganization. Brazil, for example, has the largest freshwater reserves in the world, but 40% of the water is wasted in transport logistics, and about 35 million Brazilians do not have access to drinking water.
With increasing temperatures, environmental impacts, and income inequality, finding sustainable and technological options for this issue arises not only as an urgent action but as an element to ensure human dignity on a large scale.